Imagery in Central European Catholic Literatures: A Comparative Analysis

Imagery in Central European Catholic Literatures

A Comparative Analysis




Catholic Literature, Catholic Modernism, Central Europe, Comparison, Interpretation


The aim of the study is to call the attention, in an interpretative and comparative way, to the cultural and literary context of the formation of Slovak, Czech and Hungarian Catholic literature in the 20ᵗh century. This is mainly because Christianity in its two main forms – Catholicism and Protestantism, has been determining both past and current identity of Europe. As Martin C. Putna states, Catholic literature exists, and it is not only an aesthetic phenomenon, but mainly literary-historical and literary-sociological. It was created during the 19ᵗh century (in different countries, at different times and in its various forms) as a result of secularization as a literature of the Catholic milieu and is from the principle of literature “oppositional” and polemical. And since the Central European Catholic literatures started being significantly enriched by Western European literary and cultural trends in the early 20ᵗh century and, on the contrary, it also implemented its literary and cultural wealth in the cultures of other nationalities and ethnics, it is important to emphasize the inculturation element of the Catholic ideological system, in order to pass on some aspect of the Christian world-view to adequate artistic expression in an environment of modern world, since talented clerics and lay artists have succeeded due to their remarkable artistic achievements.

Author Biography

Ján Gallik, Institute of Languages and Cultures of Central Europe UKF in Nitra, Slovak Republic

A literary scholar and univer- sity educator. He works at the Institute of Central European Languages and Cultures of the Faculty of Central European Studies at UKF in Nitra. He primarily focuses on the research and interpretation of literary works by authors of Slovak, Czech, and Hungarian Catholic literature, as well as Slovak literature for children and youth. He is the author of scientific mono- graphs titled “Ján Haranta in a Literary-Critical Context” (2011), “Spirituality in Slovak Literature for Children and Youth” (2014), higher education learning materials titled “Slovak Catholic Modernism in the Central European Region” (2015), “Chapters from Contemporary Central European Literature” (2015, e-book). He is also the editor of several conference proceedings and co-author of the publication “Pavol Strauss, Prophet of the New Evangelization” (2018) and “Religious Literature Through the Lense of Comparative Imagology” (2020).